Vol. 5 No. 4 (2021)

Framework and Emerging Trends on Status of Transgender

Published 2021-12-23


Sex is a term used to describe a person's biological state. It consists of several components such as "sex" chromosomes, "gonads," "sex hormones," "reproductive structures," and "external genitalia." Gender encompasses both how a person feels about themselves and how they act and interact with others. Gender expression is given more weight in society. Gender identity can be defined as the identification of a person as a male, woman, transgender person, or any other category. It may or may not correspond with the person's sex, but a person has the freedom for choosing their gender, which can modify other aspects of gender, such as clothing, speech patterns, and mannerisms, as well as their body through medical intervention or other methods. People in society are not concerned about the issue because gender identity is very intrinsic, defined by the individual, and impossible for others to understand. Accounts of transgender people (including non-binary and third gender people) have been identified going back to ancient times in cultures worldwide. The modern terms and meanings of "transgender", "gender", "gender identity", and "gender role" only emerged in the 1950s and 1960s. As a result, opinions vary on how to categorize historical accounts of gender-variant people and identities. This paper reflects conceptual framework and historical perspectives of transgender.