Vol. 5 No. 4 (2021)

Critical Study on Contribution of Selected Moderates in India

Published 2021-12-23


  • occupation, faithfully, enormous, moderates, congress


There were two sections of the Congress: the Moderates and the Activists. The former led the assembly from 1885 until 1905. Their main leaders were Dadabhai Navroji, Surendranath Banerjee, W.C. Banerjee, Pherozeshah Mehta, and Madan Mohan Malaviya. They hoped that constitutional activism would result in widespread popular support for their goals. They believed that the British administration might be swayed by arguments and would pay attention to Indian public opinion. In order to form a National Congress committee and promote the Indian viewpoint to the British Parliament, they even sent representatives to England. They didn't wish to overthrow British laws through force. Their main demand was for self-government within the British rule. They faithfully upheld the British Crown. Because they believed that the British presence in India was advantageous for Indians, they relied on the British to govern Indian affairs. Some of them asserted that the removal of societal ills like child marriage, untouchability, and other practices like sati brought India enormous benefits during the British occupation. This paper reflects critical study on contribution of selected moderates in India.