Analysis of the Second Language Learning and Teaching through Cognitive Constructivism
Learning of the language starts from the childhood but the acquisition of first language and the learning of the second language is different. The first language acquisition is easier than the second language as we are always in contact with the first language. The second language needs effort for its accommodation, assimilation, and application. The cognitivism and constructivism theories of Jean Piaget and Jerome Bruner laid stress on the facilitation of the learning by the processing of the existing knowledge and the construction of the new information. The cognitivism and the constructivism approaches enhance the acquisition of the second language. It is not only the linguistics namely lexical, morphology, syntax, phonetics that helps in the learning of the second language, but the involvement of the sociocultural aspect also plays an important role for the application of the language in the real-life situations. This article focuses on the analysis of the learning and teaching of the second language through the cognitive constructivism strategy. The cognitive constructivism strategy motivates the learner to construct the new knowledge based on their prior information and their sociocultural environment. This strategy helps the learner to retain the new knowledge and to apply this newly acquired information in the real-life situations.